The Catholic University of America
Bar Exam Preparation: State-Specific Information

Office of Academic Affairs | Bar Exam Preparation


Bar Admission Agencies

Bar admission is regulated by each state's board of bar examiners. Bar requirements are state-specific and vary from state to state, so it's important to check the requirements for the jurisdiction in which you plan to practice law.


Components of the Bar Exam: Local Jurisdictions & New York

Each state determines how they will test applicants. They may use some or all of the available NCBE exam components. Most bar exams require the MBE.


  • MBE
  • MPT
  • MD essay exam (questions are written by Maryland bar examiners)


  • MPRE (offered March, August, November)
  • MBE
  • VA essay and short-answer exam (questions are written by Virginia bar examiners)

District of Columbia

  • MPRE (offered March, August, November)
  • MBE
  • MPT
  • MEE

New York

  • MBE
  • MPT
  • NY essay and multiple-choice exam (questions are written by NY bar examiners)

Effective July 2016, New York will require the UBE. Applicants will also be required to complete an online course on New York law and take and pass an online examination on New York law, as a requirement for admission.


State Component

States select subjects for the state component (essay, short-answer, etc.). The subjects generally include the MBE subjects listed below plus the additional core subjects in the following table. The table is not comprehensive.

The courses in red are particularly important for bar readiness. Students risk not being adequately prepared for the bar if they do not take these courses.

Multistate Bar Exam (MBE) Subjects

  • Civil Procedure
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts including UCC 2 Sales (UCC 2 covered in our Sales and Leases course)
  • Criminal Law
  • Criminal Procedure (Investigative Process)
  • Evidence
  • Property
  • Torts (Advanced Torts)

* Effective July 2014, UCC Article 3 – Negotiable Instruments, will no longer be tested, Article 9 will continue to be tested.

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