The Catholic University of America

 Courses for Summer 2017

In addition to staple courses examining the laws of the European Union and those that regulate international trade, new courses are developed each year especially for the Summer Law Program in Poland. The law school’s goal is to offer students unique courses covering comparative aspects of substantive areas of law that are rarely available in the United States and are of fundamental importance to students of countries in transition, like Poland.

Courses in previous years have focused on international aspects of tax and economic regulation, human rights, arbitration, constitutional law and legal ethics and the legal profession. In summer 2017, the program will offer courses on international business transactions, alternative dispute resolution, as well as a new course on  international investment law.

All classes in the Summer Law Program are held at the Jagiellonian University and are conducted in English.  American students must enroll for at least three, and no more than six semester hours of credit. Methods of evaluation of students’ performance may vary; most of the courses have written exams, though some courses may offer take-home exams or written papers.

Schedule of Classes 


Course Title Credits Dates & Time Instructor
The Impact of American Securities Law on Foreign Capital Formation 1 June 12 -June 23 Lipton
Law of the European Union 1 June 12 - June 26
International Investment Law 1 June 12 - June 26 Szwedo
Comparative & International Trade 2 June 13 - July 11 Ludwikowski
International Business Transactions 2 June 26 - July 10 Baginska
Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods 1 July 2 - July 12 Skrodzka

Please refer to the Cracow Summer Law Program Calendar for a complete schedule of classes and events

                                                               (2 credit hours)

Comparative and International Trade 
Professor Rett Ludwikowski

International Business Transactions
Professor Ewa Baginska

(1 credit hour)

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods
Professor Marta Janina Skrodzka

International Investment Law
Professor Piotr Szwedo

The Impact of American Securities Law on
Foreign Capital Formation

Professor David A. Lipton

Law of the European Union
Professor Izabela Krasnicka

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Students may sign up for 3 to 6 credits.


Course Descriptions

Comparative and International Trade (2 credit hours) 
 Americans: Only the first 20 are guaranteed registration in this course. This course concentrates on the public regulation of international trade and policy of the world’s major trading partners. It examines problems of import and export controls, response to unfair practices in international trade, dumping and subsidies, antidumping and countervailing duties, as well as international monetary policy and international investment. Students are introduced to the basic regulatory scheme of the WTO/GATT System, to the policies of Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions and to trade with the European Union and with non-market economies. The emphasis is on U.S. regulation of international trade, the distribution of national powers to deal with transnational problems, presidential powers to regulate international economic affairs, escape clauses and safeguards under GATT and U.S. law and retaliation against unfair trade practices. The course grade is based on a final written examination. Dr. Rett Ludwikowski

 International Business Transactions (2 credit hours) 
This course concentrates on private business transactions that cross national boundaries. It is designed to provide students with the tools they need to understand the various legal doctrines applicable to international commercial contracts. After an examination of some basic international and comparative law principles, the course focuses primarily on international sales of goods, distributor/agency agreements and international payments and security. In addition, it will examine relevant issues of private international law and the resolution of international disputes. The course grade is based on participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Ewa Baginska

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods (1 credit hour)
This course focuses on general analyses of the Alternative (to litigation) Dispute Resolution's three processes such as: negotiation, mediation and arbitration from the perspective of lawyers as future litigators. It is designed to introduce students to both: theoretical knowledge on the processes and skills they need to practice them. Moreover the course focuses partially on ethical issues and some legal analyses relevant to the ADR methods. The course grade is based on an active participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Marta Janina Skrodzka

Law of the European Union (1 credit hours)   
This course provides an overview of the political and legal framework of the European Union institutions, trade relations and legal and business implications of the European process of integration. The course focuses on the creation of the European Union, the structures and processes for the development of the Union’s law, constitutional issues or the role of the European Court of Justice. In addition students are introduced to the specifics of the European single market with special emphasis on principle of non-discrimination and on the five fundamental freedoms of the European market: free movement of workers, free, free movement of services, free movement of goods, free movement of capital and payments and freedom of establishment. Dr. Izabela Krasnicka.

International Investment Law (1 credit hour)
The course addresses a range of questions related to international investment law. This branch of international public law has already drawn special attention of legal scholars but also due to numerous arbitration proceedings worldwide, it became a field of intensive legal practice. Emphasis will be put on the specificity on Bilateral Investment Treaties as sources of international law and on case law which plays the role of clarification and creation of legal standards. Students will be also introduced to the specificity international responsibility resulting from international investment claims which is partly based on international customary law. Furthermore, we will also examine the definition of investment, definition of State and learn about standards of investment treatment (Most Favored Nation, national, fair and equitable standards). We will also study about direct and indirect expropriation; standards of compensation; principles of the settlement of investment disputes and about enforcement of arbitral awards. The course grade is based on class participation and final written examination.  Dr. Piotr Szwedo.

The Impact of  American Securities Law on
Foreign Capital Formations
(1 hour credit)
This course is an overview of how the American securities system impacts on the ability of foreign issuers to raise capital in American markets. It focuses upon the requirements of American capital formation, what those requirement mean for foreign issuers and how foreign issuers can find exemptions from those requirements. Professor David A. Lipton


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Faculty Information

Prof Ludwikowski

PROFESSOR RETT LUDWIKOWSKI is the founding director of the Summer Law Program in Cracow, created in 1992. Professor Ludwikowski holds doctorate degrees in law and legal and political theory. Until 1982 he taught law and politics and held the chair of Modern Legal and Political Movements and Ideas and was the chairman of the Division of Law and Business at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland.  After coming to the United States in 1982, Dr. Ludwikowski continued his research work, while holding several visiting scholar and visiting fellow positions, including the USICA Program, U.S. State Department (1981), The Heritage Foundation (1981), Elizabethtown College, PA (1982-1983), and the Hoover Institute, Stanford University (1983). He was also a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship (1997) and the residential Fellowship of Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany (1989). He came to The Catholic University of America in 1984 and has been a professor of law at the Columbus School of Law since 1985. Dr. Ludwikowski served as the director of the Comparative and International Law Institute since the institute's inception in 1985 to May 2015.  From 2001 to 2003, he was the managing editor of Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, a multi-volume publication of Oceana Publications, Inc.

Professor Ludwikowski has authored more than 20 books, including his most recently published books: History of Polish Legal and Political Ideas, Wolters-Kluwer, 2012; International Trade (Handel Miedzynarodowy (3nd ed. enlarged and updated) C.H. Beck 2012; and, Presidential Elections in the U.S.A. in Comparative Perspective (Lexis/Nexis, 2009) (with Anna Ludwikowski).



Prof Ewa BagiskaPROFESSOR EWA BAGINSKA is the head of the Department of Civil Law at the Gdansk UniversityLaw School. In 1998-1999 and 2000-2001, Professor Baginska was a Visiting Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law. She is a fellow of the European Tort and Insurance Center in Vienna, Austria. Professor Baginska has published 6 books and over 140 articles, reports and book chapters in the area of civil law and comparative law. Her recently published books include ‘Tort liability under uncertainty and complexity of causation. A comparative law study’ [in Polish] (2013) and ‘Damages for violations of human rights. A comparative study of domestic legal systems’, Springer Verlag 2016 (editor). Professor Baginska has been a member of the Commission for the Codification of Civil Law, of the European Group on Tort Law, the International Academy of Comparative Law and the European Law Institute.



Prof Iza KrasnickaPROFESSOR IZABELLA KRASNICKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in the Department of Public International Law of the Faculty of Law and at the University in Bialystok, Poland. She teaches Public International Law, Law of the European Union and Introduction to American Legal System.

In 1999, Professor Krasnicka was a Boeing Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law and, in 2005, she was granted a Kosciuszko Foundation Research Grant also at CUA Law.

She is a member of the Legal Clinics Foundation's Board and Coordinator of the European Union exchange programs.



Prof Lipton

PROFESSOR DAVID A. LIPTON teaches securities regulation, corporate finance, and corporations. He also is the director of the Law School's Securities Regulation Program. Professor Lipton received his B.A. degree from Cornell University and an M.A. in public law and government from Columbia University. Before going on to Michigan University law school, where he received his J.D., he worked as a public relations specialist for New York City's anti-poverty program.

At law school, he was admitted onto the Michigan Law Review. Upon graduation, he went to work with the New York firm of Debevoise & Plimpton where he practiced securities and corporate law.

He has been on the faculty of the law school since 1980. In that time, he has increased the school's securities offerings from one to nine courses. In addition, he has created numerous internships with regulatory agencies, private firms and associations. Professor Lipton created the Law School's Securities Program which offers a certificate in Securities Regulation.

He was also instrumental in forming and maintaining the school's active Securities Alumni Practice Group as well as the Student Securities Law Association and the Securities Regulation Moot Court Competition. Professor Lipton is frequently quoted in newspapers, radio and television in matters relating to securities market regulation, broker-dealer regulation, securities arbitration, insider trading, and the impact of technology on securities regulation.

Prof SkrodzkaPROFESSOR MARTA JANINA SKRODZKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in the Department of Corporate Law of the Faculty of Law at the University in Bialystok, Poland. She teaches Polish Corporate Law, EU & US Corporate Law and ADR methods and serves as main coordinator of the legal clinic at the Bialystok Law School. Professor Skrodzka is the recipient of the Kosciuszko Foundation and PILI scholarship and spent fall semester 2006 at Columbia University School of Law, New York, USA as a visiting scholar working on the research about the new ways of the development of clinical legal education in Poland from an American perspective.

She is also a member of the Polish Mediation Center, author and co-author of two textbooks on Polish corporate law and more than 40 articles on Polish corporate matters, clinical legal education and mediation.


Prof SkrodzkaPROFESSOR PIOTR SZWEDO is an associate professor in the Department of Public International Law at the Jagiellonian University (JU). In 2007 he defended a doctoral thesis entitled Countermeasures in the law of the World Trade Organization. He also graduated from the School of French Law (Université d'Orléans/JU, 2002) and the School of American Law (Catholic University of America/JU, 2004). He was a Ford Foundation scholar at The Catholic University of America (2003), French Government Scholar at Univrsité d’Orléans (2004), SYLFF scholar at Columbia Law School and at Université Paris I Sorbonne (2005/6), Kutrzeba Scholar at Max Planck Institute of Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg (2006/2007) and Winiarski Scholar at Lauterpracht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge (2012).

He was also a visiting lecturer at universities of Kobe (2010), Nantes (2012), Marburg (2012), Kaunas (2013), Orléans (2013, 2014, 2016), Paris Sorbonne University of Abu Dhabi (2016) and Macerata (2017). He also took part in research initiatives administered and/or funded by Polish National Scientific Centre, European Commission/University of Nijmegen and World Bank. His main area of research are international economic law, water law and legal aspects of global governance.

He published inter alia in Journal of World Trade, International Journal of Constitutional Law, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law and University of Denver Sports and Entertainment Law Journal. Currently he works on a monograph devoted to international water tradability and takes part in research projects about globalization, sovereignty, and injusticiability. Since 2012, he is the co-director of the School of French Law and since 2015 of the School of American Law, both at the JU.


Books, Course Materials and Library Facilities

The list of required books will made available to participants in the spring.

Students are responsible for purchasing their own books and course materials. Students will be notified of course materials that are prepared by the Columbus School of Law and made available at cost to participating American and Canadian students upon arrival in Cracow. Polish students will have access to all texts and materials used in the program.

Students will also have access to the outstanding resources of the Jagiellonian University library as well as to the specialized collection of the library of the Faculty of Law. Approximately 20 percent of the Jagiellonian’s collection of 2.8 million books and periodicals are in English. The library is open during weekday hours and a limited collection of materials suggested by the faculty will be held on reserve at a place convenient to all students.

There is limited weekday access to computer facilities, however students may bring properly insured laptop computers. Although e-mail access will be provided at Jagiellonian University, many students have found it most convenient to send and receive e-mail from one of the many Internet cafes that are open in Cracow. Memberships at these Internet cafes are inexpensive and hours of operation are significantly longer than the university’s hours

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