The Catholic University of America

 Courses for Summer 2016

In addition to staple courses examining the laws of the European Union and those that regulate international trade, new courses are developed each year especially for the Summer Law Program in Poland. The law school’s goal is to offer students unique courses covering comparative aspects of substantive areas of law that are rarely available in the United States and are of fundamental importance to students of countries in transition, like Poland.

Courses in previous years have focused on international aspects of tax and economic regulation, human rights, arbitration, constitutional law and legal ethics and the legal profession. In summer 2016, the program will offer courses on international business transactions, alternative dispute resolution, as well as international intellectual property law.

All classes in the Summer Law Program are held at the Jagiellonian University and are conducted in English.  American students must enroll for at least three, and no more than six semester hours of credit. Methods of evaluation of students’ performance may vary; most of the courses have written exams, though some courses may offer take-home exams or written papers.

Schedule of Classes 


Course Title Credits Dates & Time Instructor
Law of the European Union 2

First Session


International Intellectual Property Law

First Session


Comparative & International Trade 2

June 14- July 12

12:00 -1:15pm

International Business Transactions 2

Second Session


Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods 1

Second Session



(2 credit hours)

Comparative and International Trade 
Professor Rett Ludwikowski

International Business Transactions
Professor Ewa Baginska

Law of the European Union
Professor Izabela Krasnicka

(1 credit hour)

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods
Professor Marta Janina Skrodzka

International Intellectual Property Law
Professor Susanna Fischer

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Students may sign up for 3 to 6 credits or a maximum of 4 classes. Due to the ABA requirement that students not spend more than 220 minutes per day in class, there is one restriction:

  • If you sign up for Law of the EU, Comparative and International Trade, and International Business Transactions, you may not enroll in any 1-credit classes.

Course Descriptions

Comparative and International Trade (2 credit hours)
Americans: Only the first 20 are guaranteed registration in this course.
This course concentrates on the public regulation of international trade and policy of the world’s major trading partners. It examines problems of import and export controls, response to unfair practices in international trade, dumping and subsidies, antidumping and countervailing duties, as well as international monetary policy and international investment. Students are introduced to the basic regulatory scheme of the WTO/GATT System, to the policies of Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions and to trade with the European Union and with non-market economies. The emphasis is on U.S. regulation of international trade, the distribution of national powers to deal with transnational problems, presidential powers to regulate international economic affairs, escape clauses and safeguards under GATT and U.S. law and retaliation against unfair trade practices. The course grade is based on a final written examination. Dr. Rett Ludwikowski

International Business Transactions (2 credit hours)
This course concentrates on private business transactions that cross national boundaries. It is designed to provide students with the tools they need to understand the various legal doctrines applicable to international commercial contracts. After an examination of some basic international and comparative law principles, the course focuses primarily on international sales of goods, distributor/agency agreements and international payments and security. In addition, it will examine relevant issues of private international law and the resolution of international disputes. The course grade is based on participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Ewa Baginska

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods (1 credit hour)
This course focuses on general analyses of the Alternative (to litigation) Dispute Resolution's three processes such as: negotiation, mediation and arbitration from the perspective of lawyers as future litigators. It is designed to introduce students to both: theoretical knowledge on the processes and skills they need to practice them. Moreover the course focuses partially on ethical issues and some legal analyses relevant to the ADR methods. The course grade is based on an active participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Marta Janina Skrodzka

International Intellectual Property Law (1 credit hour)
This course surveys the international legal regime protecting creations of the mind, such as inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, and symbols used in commerce. We will survey the major bilateral and multinational agreements, conventions and treaties on the major areas of intellectual property (copyright, patent and trademark). We will also learn about the use of international trade agreements to implement, harmonize, and enforce intellectual property rights. We will learn about the work of major international organizations with significant regulatory and policy making roles, including the World Intellectual Property Organization and the World Trade Organization. We will consider emerging global issues relating to intellectual property, including the balance between intellectual property and economic development, the relationship between intellectual property and public health, and the implications of
intellectual property protection for human rights. Prof. Susanna F. Fischer


Law of the European Union (2 credit hours)   

This course provides an overview of the political and legal framework of the European Union institutions, trade relations and legal and business implications of the European process of integration. The course focuses on the creation of the European Union, the structures and processes for the development of the Union’s law, constitutional issues or the role of the European Court of Justice. In addition students are introduced to the specifics of the European single market with special emphasis on principle of non-discrimination and on the five fundamental freedoms of the European market: free movement of workers, free, free movement of services, free movement of goods, free movement of capital and payments and freedom of establishment. Dr. Izabela Krasnicka.



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Faculty Information

Prof Ludwikowski

PROFESSOR RETT LUDWIKOWSKI is the founding director of the Summer Law Program in Cracow, created in 1992. Professor Ludwikowski holds doctorate degrees in law and legal and political theory. Until 1982 he taught law and politics and held the chair of Modern Legal and Political Movements and Ideas and was the chairman of the Division of Law and Business at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland.  After coming to the United States in 1982, Dr. Ludwikowski continued his research work, while holding several visiting scholar and visiting fellow positions, including the USICA Program, U.S. State Department (1981), The Heritage Foundation (1981), Elizabethtown College, PA (1982-1983), and the Hoover Institute, Stanford University (1983). He was also a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship (1997) and the residential Fellowship of Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany (1989). He came to The Catholic University of America in 1984 and has been a professor of law at the Columbus School of Law since 1985. Dr. Ludwikowski served as the director of the Comparative and International Law Institute since the institute's inception in 1985 to May 2015.  From 2001 to 2003, he was the managing editor of Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, a multi-volume publication of Oceana Publications, Inc.

Professor Ludwikowski has authored more than 20 books, including his most recently published books: History of Polish Legal and Political Ideas, Wolters-Kluwer, 2012; International Trade (Handel Miedzynarodowy (3nd ed. enlarged and updated) C.H. Beck 2012; and, Presidential Elections in the U.S.A. in Comparative Perspective (Lexis/Nexis, 2009) (with Anna Ludwikowski).


PROFESSOR EWA BAGINSKA is the head of the Department of Civil Law at the Gdansk University Law School. In 1998-1999 and 2000-2001, Professor Baginska was a Visiting Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law. She is a fellow of the European Tort and Insurance Center in Vienna, Austria. Professor Baginska has published 6 books and over 140 articles, reports and book chapters in the area of civil law and comparative law. Her recently published books include ‘Tort liability under uncertainty and complexity of causation. A comparative law study’ [in Polish] (2013) and ‘Damages for violations of human rights. A comparative study of domestic legal systems’, Springer Verlag 2016 (editor). Professor Bagi?ska has been a member of the Commission for the Codification of Civil Law, of the European Group on Tort Law, the International Academy of Comparative Law and the European Law Institute.



 PROFESSOR MICHAL CHOROSNICKI is a professor at the Jagiellonian University Law School. Professor dr. hab. Chorosnicki has served as the Polish Administrator of the Summer Law Program in Cracow since the program’s inception in 1992. He is a specialist in international relations who has significant experience in the American legal process. Dr. Chorosnicki is a former visiting professor at Yale University, Southern Connecticut State University and at the Columbus School of Law (1995 and 1999). He participated in the Advanced Study Program at the Royal Institute of Foreign Affairs in London, at the American Studies Program in Salzburg, Austria, as a scholar at Kiev University in the Ukraine and was an international visitor in the USIA program. His latest book is entitled NAFTA: The Decade of Change.


Prof Iza KrasnickaPROFESSOR IZABELLA KRASNICKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in the Department of Public International Law of the Faculty of Law and at the University in Bialystok, Poland. She teaches Public International Law, Law of the European Union and Introduction to American Legal System. In 1999, Professor Krasnicka was a Boeing Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law and, in 2005, she was granted a Kosciuszko Foundation Research Grant also at CUA Law. She is a member of the Legal Clinics Foundation's Board and Coordinator of the European Union exchange programs.





PROFESSOR SUSANNA FREDERICK FISCHER  has practiced law on both sides of the Atlantic, as a New York attorney and an English barrister. Her primary areas of practice and her main research interests are copyright law, art law, media law, cyberlaw, and constitutional law, from a comparative law perspective.

Professor Fischer received her legal education at Merton College, University of Oxford, where she received a B.A. in jurisprudence, and the University of Virginia School of Law, where she was awarded the LL.M. degree.  She also studied at Princeton University, where she earned an A.B. in history, magna cum laude. 
She practiced for five years as a barrister in London, England, at 5 Raymond Buildings (currently headed by Desmond Browne QC and Matthew Nicklin QC).  She represented clients before all levels of English courts and tribunals, including the House of Lords.  In London, she also worked part-time as a Night Lawyer providing pre-publication legal advice for News International plc, the publishers of The Times, The Sunday Times, and the Sun.  She also taught Contracts at London Guildhall University. She later spent three years practicing intellectual property law as an associate at two New York City law firms, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP and Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP.
Professor Fischer joined the faculty of Columbus School of Law in 1999, where she teaches or has taught copyright law, art law, entertainment law, introduction to intellectual property law, international intellectual property law, constitutional law, comparative law, comparative constitutional law, and civil procedure.  She has taught courses on intellectual property law in Krakow, Poland, for the American Law Program jointly run by the Columbus School of Law, The Catholic University of America and the Jagiellonian University, as well as for the summer program in International Business and Trade held at the Jagiellonian University. She has also taught a summer course at the University of Lisbon in Portugal. 
She served as the native English language consultant for a translation of the Polish Civil Code into English, published by Wolters Kluwer Polska in 2012.             


Prof SkrodzkaPROFESSOR MARTA JANINA SKRODZKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in the Department of Corporate Law of the Faculty of Law at the University in Bialystok, Poland. She teaches Polish Corporate Law, EU & US Corporate Law and ADR methods and serves as main coordinator of the legal clinic at the Bialystok Law School. Professor Skrodzka is the recipient of the Kosciuszko Foundation and PILI scholarship and spent fall semester 2006 at Columbia University School of Law, New York, USA as a visiting scholar working on the research about the new ways of the development of clinical legal education in Poland from an American perspective. She is also a member of the Polish Mediation Center, author and co-author of two textbooks on Polish corporate law and more than 40 articles on Polish corporate matters, clinical legal education and mediation.

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Books, Course Materials and Library Facilities

The list of required books will made available to participants in the spring.

Students are responsible for purchasing their own books and course materials. Students will be notified of course materials that are prepared by the Columbus School of Law and made available at cost to participating American and Canadian students upon arrival in Cracow. Polish students will have access to all texts and materials used in the program.

Students will also have access to the outstanding resources of the Jagiellonian University library as well as to the specialized collection of the library of the Faculty of Law. Approximately 20 percent of the Jagiellonian’s collection of 2.8 million books and periodicals are in English. The library is open during weekday hours and a limited collection of materials suggested by the faculty will be held on reserve at a place convenient to all students.

There is limited weekday access to computer facilities, however students may bring properly insured laptop computers. Although e-mail access will be provided at Jagiellonian University, many students have found it most convenient to send and receive e-mail from one of the many Internet cafes that are open in Cracow. Memberships at these Internet cafes are inexpensive and hours of operation are significantly longer than the university’s hours

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