The Catholic University of America

 Courses for Summer 2018

In addition to staple courses examining the laws of the European Union and those that regulate international trade, new courses are developed each year especially for the Summer Law Program in Poland. The law school’s goal is to offer students unique courses covering comparative aspects of substantive areas of law that are rarely available in the United States and are of fundamental importance to students of countries in transition, like Poland.

Courses in previous years have focused on international aspects of tax and economic regulation, human rights, arbitration, constitutional law and legal ethics and the legal profession. In summer 2018, the program will offer courses on international business transactions, alternative dispute resolution, as well as a new course on  international investment law.

All classes in the Summer Law Program are held at the Jagiellonian University and are conducted in English.  American students must enroll for at least three, and no more than six semester hours of credit. Methods of evaluation of students’ performance may vary; most of the courses have written exams, though some courses may offer take-home exams or written papers.

Schedule of Classes 


Course Title Credits Dates & Time Instructor
Law of the European Union 1

June 18 - 29
9 to 10:20 am

International Intellectual Property Law 1 June 18 - 29
10:30 - 11:40 am
Comparative & International Trade 2 June 19 to July 17
11:50 am - 1 pm 
International Business Transactions 2 July 2 - 17
9 - 11:30 am
Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods 1 July 3 - 16
2 - 3:20 pm
International Law of Sustainable Development 1 June 18 - 29
2 - 3:10 pm

Please refer to the Cracow Summer Law Program Calendar for a complete schedule of classes, exams and events.   


                                                               (2 credit hours)

Comparative and International Trade 
Professor Rett Ludwikowski

International Business Transactions
Professor Ewa Baginska

(1 credit hour)

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods
Professor Marta Janina Skrodzka

International Law of Sustainable Development 
Professor Piotr Szwedo

International Intellectual Property Law
Professor Susanna F. Fischer

Law of the European Union
Professor Izabela Krasnicka

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Students may sign up for 3 to 6 credits.


Course Descriptions

Comparative and International Trade (2 credit hours) 
 Americans: Only the first 20 are guaranteed registration in this course. This course concentrates on the public regulation of international trade and policy of the world’s major trading partners. It examines problems of import and export controls, response to unfair practices in international trade, dumping and subsidies, antidumping and countervailing duties, as well as international monetary policy and international investment. Students are introduced to the basic regulatory scheme of the WTO/GATT System, to the policies of Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions and to trade with the European Union and with non-market economies. The emphasis is on U.S. regulation of international trade, the distribution of national powers to deal with transnational problems, presidential powers to regulate international economic affairs, escape clauses and safeguards under GATT and U.S. law and retaliation against unfair trade practices. The course grade is based on a final written examination. Dr. Rett Ludwikowski

 International Business Transactions (2 credit hours) 
This course concentrates on private business transactions that cross national boundaries. It is designed to provide students with the tools they need to understand the various legal doctrines applicable to international commercial contracts. After an examination of some basic international and comparative law principles, the course focuses primarily on international sales of goods, distributor/agency agreements and international payments and security. In addition, it will examine relevant issues of private international law and the resolution of international disputes. The course grade is based on participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Ewa Baginska

Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods (1 credit hour)
This course focuses on general analyses of the Alternative (to litigation) Dispute Resolution's three processes such as: negotiation, mediation and arbitration from the perspective of lawyers as future litigators. It is designed to introduce students to both: theoretical knowledge on the processes and skills they need to practice them. Moreover the course focuses partially on ethical issues and some legal analyses relevant to the ADR methods. The course grade is based on an active participation in class and a final examination. Dr. Marta Janina Skrodzka

Law of the European Union (1 credit hours)   
This course provides an overview of the political and legal framework of the European Union institutions, trade relations and legal and business implications of the European process of integration. The course focuses on the creation of the European Union, the structures and processes for the development of the Union’s law, constitutional issues or the role of the European Court of Justice.  Dr. Izabela Krasnicka

International Law of Sustainable Development (1 credit hour) 

This course covers concepts and theories related to balancing economic growth, environmental protection, social justice, individual rights, and collective interests in their normative aspect. The course therefore includes discussions of holistic approach to human beings in individual and social context. SD may be seen as a value or a goal. It also has a normative dimension influencing lawmaking and legal application. It is a rule of interpretation, which harmonizes the application of conflicting norms, and which is often based on the ethical and anthropological assumptions of the decision maker. The course will include discussions of different approaches to SD and how they affect law and may legitimately coexist in pluralistic and multicultural societies. The problem will be analyzed from overarching theoretical perspectives: SD’s binding/non-binding legal character, relation to principles of: intergenerational equity, permanent sovereignty over natural resources, solidarity, and common heritage of mankind. More specifically study will also cover the integration and relevance of SD for different legal branches: environmental law, human rights, trade and investment law. Furthermore the course will focus on SD’s procedural consequences: impact and risk assessment, obligation of transparency, consultation and the right of review. The course grade is based on class participation and final written examination.  Dr. Piotr Szwedo.

International Intellectual Property Law (1 hour credit)
This course is a one-credit survey course on the international law and policy framework protecting intellectual property rights (IPR).  It is increasingly important for lawyers specializing in international business and trade to learn about global protection for IPR.  Innovation and creativity protected by IPR is a key driver of economc growth, both for the world economy and the national economies of the the United States and Poland.  IPR protection is now a requisite part of the international trade regime, as a result of the 1994 World Trade Organization Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPs Agreement). 


In this course, we focus on major multilateral legal instruments protecting IPR, especially the TRIPs Agreement.  No prior knowledge of intellectual property law is expected or required.  Topics will include the necessity and desirability of harmonizing national IPR laws; the relationship between international IPR protection and international human rights; clashes between developing and developed countries over the proper extent of IPR protection at the international level; and the opportunities and challenges of technological development, such as digital technologies and medical advances, for the international IPR system. Professor Susanna F. Fischer


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Faculty Information

Prof Ludwikowski

PROFESSOR RETT LUDWIKOWSKI is the founding director of the Summer Law Program in Cracow, created in 1992. Professor Ludwikowski holds doctorate degrees in law and legal and political theory. Until 1982 he taught law and politics and held the chair of Modern Legal and Political Movements and Ideas and was the chairman of the Division of Law and Business at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland.  After coming to the United States in 1982, Dr. Ludwikowski continued his research work, while holding several visiting scholar and visiting fellow positions, including the USICA Program, U.S. State Department (1981), The Heritage Foundation (1981), Elizabethtown College, PA (1982-1983), and the Hoover Institute, Stanford University (1983). He was also a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship (1997) and the residential Fellowship of Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany (1989). He came to The Catholic University of America in 1984 and has been a professor of law at the Columbus School of Law since 1985. Dr. Ludwikowski served as the director of the Comparative and International Law Institute since the institute's inception in 1985 to May 2015.  From 2001 to 2003, he was the managing editor of Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, a multi-volume publication of Oceana Publications, Inc.

Professor Ludwikowski has authored more than 20 books, including his most recently published books: History of Polish Legal and Political Ideas, Wolters-Kluwer, 2012; International Trade (Handel Miedzynarodowy (3nd ed. enlarged and updated) C.H. Beck 2012; and, Presidential Elections in the U.S.A. in Comparative Perspective (Lexis/Nexis, 2009) (with Anna Ludwikowski).


Prof Fischer

PROFESSOR SUSANNA FREDERICK  FISCHER  has practiced law on both sides of the Atlantic, as a New York attorney and an English barrister. Her primary areas of practice and her main research interests are copyright law, art law, media law, cyberlaw, and constitutional law, from a comparative law perspective.  Professor Fischer received her legal education at Merton College, University of Oxford, where she received a B.A. in jurisprudence, and the University of Virginia School of Law, where she was awarded the LL.M. degree.  She also studied at Princeton University, where she earned an A.B. in history, magna cum laude. 

She practiced for five years as a media law barrister in London, England, at 5 Raymond Buildings, Gray's Inn.  She represented clients before all levels of English courts and tribunals.  In London, she also worked part-time as a Night Lawyer providing legal advice to News International plc, the publishers of The Times, The Sunday Times, and The Sun.  She taught Contracts at London Guildhall University. She later spent three years practicing intellectual property law as an associate at two New York City law firms, Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP and Paul Hastings LLP.
Professor Fischer joined the faculty of Columbus School of Law in 1999, where she teaches or has taught copyright law, art law, entertainment law, introduction to intellectual property law, international intellectual property law, constitutional law, comparative law, comparative  constitutional law, property law, cyberlaw, and civil procedure.  She regularly teaches courses on intellectual property law ifor the American Law Program jointly run by the Columbus School of Law, The Catholic University of America and the Jagiellonian University.  She has also taught international intellectual property law for the summer program in International Business and Trade held at the Jagiellonian University. She has also taught a summer course at the University of Lisbon in Portugal. 
She has published many articles and book chapters.  Her most recent publication is the Icelandic Federalist Paper on Freedom of Religion (Oct. 2017), jointly published by Institute of Governmental Studies and the California Constitution Society at the University of California, Berkeley (available at:  She served as the native English language consultant for a translation of the Polish Civil Code into English, published by Wolters Kluwer Polska in 2012.            

Prof Ewa BagiskaPROFESSOR EWA BAGINSKA is the head of the Department of Civil Law at the Gdansk UniversityLaw School. In 1998-1999 and 2000-2001, Professor Baginska was a Visiting Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law. She is a fellow of the European Tort and Insurance Center in Vienna, Austria. Professor Baginska has published 6 books and over 140 articles, reports and book chapters in the area of civil law and comparative law. Her recently published books include ‘T

ort liability under uncertainty and complexity of causation. A comparative law study’ [in Polish] (2013) and ‘Damages for violations of human rights. A comparative study of domestic legal systems’, Springer Verlag 2016 (editor). Professor Baginska has been a member of the Commission for the Codification of Civil Law, of the European Group on Tort Law, the International Academy of Comparative Law and the European Law Institute.


Prof Iza KrasnickaPROFESSOR IZABELLA KRASNICKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in the Department of Public International Law of the Faculty of Law and at the

University in Bialystok, Poland. She teaches Public International Law, Law of the European Union and Introduction to American Legal System at her University as well as at foreign universities in Europe and United States.
She is an editor and author of over 40 publications including books, book chapters and articles in various law journals and reviews.
In 1999, Professor Krasnicka was a Boeing Scholar at The Catholic University of America Columbus School of Law and, in 2005, she was granted a Kosciuszko Foundation Research Grant also at CUA Law.
She is a member of the Legal Clinics Foundation's Board and holds a position of the Dean’s Representative for International Relations supervising international and exchange programs at the Faculty of Law, University of Bialystok. She has been teaching at the Krakow Summer Program since 2005.    


Prof SkrodzkaPROFESSOR MARTA JANINA SKRODZKA holds a doctoral degree in law and is an associate professor in Lomza State University of Applied Sciences, Poland. She teaches Polish Corporate Law, EU & US Corporate Law and ADR methods and was a Director of the Legal Clinic at the Faculty of Law, University of Bialystok for many years. Professor Skrodzka is the recipient of Senior Fulbright Award (2017) in residence at CUA Columbus School of Law as well as the Kosciuszko Foundation and PILI scholarship (2006) in residence at Columbia University School of Law to conduct research in USA.

She has 12 years of full time teaching experience, both in English and Polish, of European and American students, is author and co-author of nearly 70 publications and was a guest speaker and active participant of almost 30 international, national conferences and lectures. Professor Skrodzka is a mediator, a trainer and an expert in ADR, Clinical Legal Education, Commercial and Corporate Law.


Prof SkrodzkaPROFESSOR PIOTR SZWEDO is an associate professor in the Department of Public International Law at the Jagiellonian University (JU). In 2007 he defended a doctoral thesis entitled Countermeasures in the law of the World Trade Organization. He also graduated from the School of French Law (Université d'Orléans/JU, 2002) and the School of American Law (Catholic University of America/JU, 2004). He was a Ford Foundation scholar at The Catholic University of America (2003), French Government Scholar at Univrsité d’Orléans (2004), SYLFF scholar at Columbia Law School and at Université Paris I Sorbonne (2005/6), Kutrzeba Scholar at Max Planck Institute of Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg (2006/2007) and Winiarski Scholar at Lauterpracht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge (2012).

He was also a visiting lecturer at universities of Kobe (2010), Nantes (2012), Marburg (2012), Kaunas (2013), Orléans (2013, 2014, 2016), Paris Sorbonne University of Abu Dhabi (2016) and Macerata (2017). He also took part in research initiatives administered and/or funded by Polish National Scientific Centre, European Commission/University of Nijmegen and World Bank. His main area of research are international economic law, water law and legal aspects of global governance.

He published inter alia in Journal of World Trade, International Journal of Constitutional Law, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law and University of Denver Sports and Entertainment Law Journal. Currently he works on a monograph devoted to international water tradability and takes part in research projects about globalization, sovereignty, and injusticiability. Since 2012, he is the co-director of the School of French Law and since 2015 of the School of American Law, both at the JU.


Books, Course Materials and Library Facilities

The list of required books will made available to participants in the spring.

Students are responsible for purchasing their own books and course materials. Students will be notified of course materials that are prepared by the Columbus School of Law and made available at cost to participating American and Canadian students upon arrival in Cracow. Polish students will have access to all texts and materials used in the program.

Students will also have access to the outstanding resources of the Jagiellonian University library as well as to the specialized collection of the library of the Faculty of Law. Approximately 20 percent of the Jagiellonian’s collection of 2.8 million books and periodicals are in English. The library is open during weekday hours and a limited collection of materials suggested by the faculty will be held on reserve at a place convenient to all students.

There is limited weekday access to computer facilities, however students may bring properly insured laptop computers. Although e-mail access will be provided at Jagiellonian University, many students have found it most convenient to send and receive e-mail from one of the many Internet cafes that are open in Cracow. Memberships at these Internet cafes are inexpensive and hours of operation are significantly longer than the university’s hours

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