Professor Ludwikowski holds doctorate degrees in law and legal and political theory. Until 1982 he taught law and politics and held the chair of Modern Legal and Political Movements and Ideas and was the chairman of the Division of Law and Business at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland.
After coming to the United States in 1982, Professor Ludwikowski continued his research work, while holding several visiting scholar and visiting fellow positions, including the USICA Program, U.S. State Department (1981), The Heritage Foundation (1981), Elizabethtown College, PA (1982-1983), and the Hoover Institute, Stanford University (1983). He was also a recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship (1997 and 2004) and the residential Fellowship of Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany (1989). He came to the Catholic University of America in 1984 and has been a professor of law at the Columbus School of Law since 1985 and the director of the International Business and Trade Summer Law Program in Poland since 1991.
Professor Ludwikowski has served as the director of the Comparative and International Law Institute since the institute's inception in 1985. From 2001 to 2003 he was the managing editor of Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, a multi-volume publication of Oceana Publications, Inc.
Professor Ludwikowski has authored 20 books, including his most recently published books, International Trade. Warsaw: C.H. Beck, 2006 and The Courts in the United States, TNOIK, Toru?, 2008.
Research and Writing
"The Courts in the United States: Structure and Jurisdiction" (co-authored with Anna Ludwikowski, TNOIK, Toru?, 2008.
"Mafia --Part II & III" Warsaw, KUBA, 2006 and 2008.
"International Trade" Warsaw: C.H. Beck, 2006.
"Mafia." Warsaw: LTW, 2005.
"Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms" Vol. I. Oceana Publications Inc., 2002.
"Comparative Constitutional Law" Toru?: TNOIK, 2000.
"Regulations of International Trade and Business" (editor & co-author). Vol. II, International Business Transactions, ABC. 1998.
"Constitution Making in the Countries of Former Soviet Dominance" Duke University Press, 1996.
"America and the World of Business" Cracow's Industrial Society, 1991.
"Regulations of International Trade and Business" Vol. I, International Trade, ABC , 1996.
"The Beginning of the Constitutional Era. A Comparative Study of the First American and
European Constitution" (co-authored with William Fox, Jr.). CUA Press, 1993.
"I-God. Life After Life of the New Age" (in Polish). Crakow: Jagiellonia, S.A., 1992.
"Constitutionalism and Human Rights" (co-editor with Kenneth Thompson). Miller Center, Univ. of Virginia, 1991.
"Continuity and Change in Poland" CUA Press, 1991.
"The Crisis of Communism, Its Meaning, Origins and Phases" Washington, DC: Pergamon-Brassey's, 1986.
"Main Currents of Polish Political Thought 1815-1890," Warszawa: Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1982.
"Essays on Galician Political Movements and Ideas, 1848-1892" Crakow: Jagiellonian
University Press (received award of the Ministry of Science, Education and Technology).
"John Stuart Mill" (co-authored with J. Wolenski). Warszawa: Panstwowy Instytut
Naukowy, 1979. (Received Award of the Rector of The Jagiellonian University.)
"Black Radicalism in the United States" Warsaw: PWN, 1976. (Received Award of the Rector of The Jagiellonian University.)
"The Conservatism of the Kingdom of Poland During the Inter-Insurrectional Period: Considerations on Ideology and Politics" Jagiellonian University Press, 1976. (Received
ward of the Ministry of Science, Education and Technology.)
"At the Cradle of the Polish Political Culture." Pressje, 12/2007-08.
"Limits of Universalism: Protection of Human Rights in Europe and America in Historical and Comparative Perspective." Politeja, 2/6/2006.
"Constitutionalization of Human Rights in Latin America and the Countries of the Former Soviet Union," Georgia Journal of Intern. and Comp. Law, Vol 33, No. 1, Fall 2004, pp.1-113.
"American Antidumping Regulations. Protectionism or Protection Against Unfair Trade." Rozprawy prawnicze, Zakamycze (2005).
"Constitutionalization of Human Rights in Selected Countries of the Region of the Former Soviet Dominance." Banner of Law Through the Word, Zakamycze (2002).
"The Latin American Hybrid Constitutionalism. The United States Presidentialism in the Civil Law Melting Pot." Boston University International Law Journal, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Spring 2003).
"Politicization and Judicialization of the U.S. Chief Executive's Political and Criminal Responsibility: A Threat to Constitutional Integrity or a Natural Result of the Constitution's Flexibility?" American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. L, Supplement (2002).
"Supreme Law or Basic Law? Decline of the Concept of Constitutional Supremacy." Cordozo International and Comparative Law Journal Vol 9/2 (2001).
"Legal Aspects of Presidential Elections in the United States," 4/662. State and Law, Panstwo i Prawo (April 2001.
"Constitutional Culture in East-Central European Democracies." Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol 29, No 1 (2000). (Published also by Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw (2001), /in:/ Constitutional Cultures (ed. M. Wyrzykowski).
"Mixed' Constitutions-Product of an East-Central European Constitutional Melting Pot." Boston University International Law Journal. Vol. 16, No. 1 (Spring 1998).
"Fundamental Constitutional Rights in the New Constitution of Eastern and Central Europe." Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law. Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring 1995).
"Constitution Making in the Countries of Former Soviet Dominance: Current Development."
Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law. Vol. 23, No. 2 (1993).
"The Polish Constitutional Traditions in Comparative Perspective." (in Poland and Europe: Historical Dimensions, ed. J.S. Pula, M.B. Biskupski) (1993).
"Main Models of Judicial Review in the Contemporary World: A Comparative Study" Economic & Legal Studies, Vol. XLVIII (1993).
"Searching for a New Constitutional Model for East-Central Europe." Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce. Vol. 17 (Nov. 1, 1991).
"The French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and the American Constitutional Development." The American Journal of Comparative Law. Vol. XXVM (1990).
"The Beginning of the Constitutional Era: A Bicentennial Comparative Study of the American and French Constitutions." Michigan Journal of Int. Law. Vol. 11, No. 1 (Fall 1989).
"Glasnost as a Conservative Revolution." The Intercollegiate Review (Fall 1989).
"State-Sponsored Domestic Terrorism: The Case of Poland." Terrorism. Nr. 12 (1990).
"Soviet Constitutional Changes of Glasnost Era in a Historical Perspective." The New York School of Law International and Comparative Law Review. Vol. 10, No. 2 (1989).
"Political and Legal Instruments in Supporting and Combating Terrorism: Current Developments." 11 Terrorism International Journal (1988).
"Judicial Review in the Socialist Legal System: Current Developments." 37 International and Comparative Law Review (1988).
"Aspects of Terrorism." 10 Terrorism International Journal (1987).
"Socialist Legal Theory." 2 Boston College International and Comp. Law Review, X (1987).
"Two Firsts: A Comparative Study of the American and Polish Constitution." VIII Michigan Yearbook of International Legal Studies (1987).
"Gorbachev and his Reforms." Modern Age (Spring 1986).
"The Roots of Polish Catholicism." Center Journal (Spring 1984).
"Polens Konservatives Erbe." Criticon (July-August 1984).
"Academic Freedom in Poland." Center Journal (Spring 198).
"Totalitarianism and American Open Society." The Institute for Entrepreneurship of Benedictine College Lecture Series (1983-84).
"Will the Crisis of Communism Begin in Poland?" Stanford University Press (1983).
"Liberal Traditions in Polish Political Thought." The Journal of Libertarian Studies. Vol. 5, No. 3 (Summer 1981).
"Polish Political Culture: Myth, Traditions, and the Present Era." Ossolineum Press. Wroclaw, 1980.
"The Traditions of Polish Anarchism: Its Influences on Polish Political Culture." Cracow (1980).
"The Political Origin of the Stereotype. "A Pole, A Catholic." Cracow (1978).
"The Two Variants of Galician Tri-Loyalism." Cracow (1977).
"John Stuart Mill and Socialism." Cracow (1971).
"John Stuart Mill's Concept of the Functions of the State: Laissez-faire and Interventionism." Cracow (1971).
Grants and Prizes
Medal of Merits from the University of Wroclaw, Poland, 2007.
Officer's Medal of Merits, from the President of Poland, 2005.
Medal of Merits from the Copernicus University of Torun, Poland, 2006.
Senior Fulbright Award, 2004.
Senior Fulbright Award, 1997.
Research grant from Earhart Foundation, 1991-92 and 2004.
Research grant from Bradley Foundation, 1992.
Residential Fellowship, Max-Planck-Institute, Hamburg, Germany, 1990.
Research grant from Batory Foundation, 1990.
Research grant from the Rosenstiel Foundation, 1989, 1990.
Research grant from Wilbur Foundation, 1989.
Research grant from Earhart Foundation, 1988.
Research grant from Earhart Foundation and Eyer Wilbur Foundation, 1987.
Visiting Professor with grant from Earhart Foundation,
The Catholic University of America, January - May 1984 (teaching position).
In His Words ...
Office: 464 Law School
Law, Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland, 1966
Areas of Expertise