The Catholic University of America

Professor Rett R. Ludwikowski has served as the director of the Comparative and International Law Institute since the program's inception in 1985. Dr. Ludwikowski was a professor of law and politics at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, Poland, where he held the chair of Modern Legal and Political Movements and Ideas and was chairman of the Division of Law and Business.

After the imposition of martial law, he left Poland to continue his research work in the United States, where he has held several Visiting Scholar and Visiting Fellow positions in institutions such as the USIA Program, U.S. Department of State (1981); The Heritage Foundation (1981); Elizabethtown College, Pa. (1982–1983); and The Hoover Institute, Stanford University (1983). Professor Ludwikowski has also been the recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship (1997) and the Residential Fellowship of the Max Planck Institute in Hamburg, Germany (1990).

Professor Ludwikowski came to The Catholic University of America in 1984, and has been a professor of law at the Columbus School of Law since 1985. Professor Ludwikowski has authored fifteen books, including his most recently published books, International Trade and Business Transactions, Volumes I and II, and Constitution Making in the Region of Former Soviet Dominance and Comparative and Constitutional Law. He is also the co-editor of the Oceana Legal Research Series on Comparative Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.




It is a great pleasure to introduce you to the Columbus School of Law's Comparative and International Law Institute. The postwar growth in international trade and investment has intensified the need for competent lawyers to effectively advise on the laws of more than one country. As the nations of our world become more connected and interdependent, today's lawyers are increasingly called upon to negotiate directly with foreign governments, multinational corporations and international financial institutions. The range of commercial and private contracts between American enterprises and those of other countries is so vast that there is a great likelihood that many lawyers, including those outside major economic centers, will experience problems involving international and foreign applications of law.

In this kind of global practice, in which attorneys must understand and be able to compare legal tenets and institutions to successfully represent clients in the United States, we must recognize that one cannot work as an efficient international or domestic lawyer without an appropriate comparative background. Comparative law is useful not only when we try to reform or improve our own domestic legal system, but the basic techniques of comparing laws and systems of law help us to apply and to understand foreign laws in the best interest of our clients.

For more than fifteen years, the Comparative and International Law Institute has provided students the opportunity to gain academic and practical training across a broad spectrum of topics in international law, emphasizing the crucial comparative perspective I have described. I do hope that the program offered by the Institute will become one of the most attractive components of your legal education at the Columbus School of Law. I assure you that the certificate you will earn will significantly enhance your professional credentials.

—Professor Rett R. Ludwikowski