This seminar examines the development of the law and legal principles with regard to sex-based discrimination, in areas such as constitutional law, employment, and education. Issues may include the use of sex-based classifications, sex-segregated facilities, pornography and free speech, sex-based discrimination, disparate treatment and disparate impact theories, sexual harassment at work and in schools, “hostile” workplace environments, unequal pay for equal work, unequal access to educational resources, Title IX, “protective policies” that deny women jobs on the basis of reproductive capacity, the “Glass Ceiling” and reproductive rights. Cases, statutes, and the U.S. Constitution, as well as articles and other reading materials will be used to familiarize students with the laws against sex-based discrimination, how such laws evolved, how to use the laws, and what remains to be done to ensure women are treated as equal citizens under the law. If the instructor allows papers in lieu of examinations, this course may include a qualifying course paper that fulfills one half of the upper level writing requirement. Refer to Academic Rule X — Writing Requirement and Directed Research.